Protestant Reformation

The biggest part of the Protestant Reformation was the change in the Roman Catholic Church from troubles in the church (indulgences) to split into new churches (Martin Luther, 95 Theses). Indulgences were sold, by the leaders of the Church, to people who wnted to rid of their sins.

PROTESTANT REFORMATION- was an attempt by Martin Luther to reform the Roman Catholic church. this created a schism and eventually grew into a larger movement.

Black Death
- the Black Death or Bubonic Plague killed off one third of Europes population, leaving half of the church's priests dead. it traveled from place to place by merchants and rats. Fleas that had the plague would jump on to the merchants and be transferred all over the world killing millions and leaving every one devistated.
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Martin Luther/95 Theses- Martian Luther was a German priest that was agianst the rule's of the Church. He believed it wasn't holy to pay off your sins. To show he was agianst the Church Rules he posted the 95 theses on the door of his Church. Since some Catholic Churches were against Martian Luthers ideas, new branches of Christianity formed.( They were Lutheran, Angelican, and many more.) These Churches were called Protestant after Martian Luthers Protests. Luther also went against the church because the priests were trying to sell indulgences to become rich and even more powerful. Indulgences is the sale of forgiveness and the promise of everlasting happiness in heaven. Luther protested against it and it was stopped in a few places but continued in many others.
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Henry VIII- Only 17 when he was crowned king, his first wife was Catherine of Aragon, widow of his brother Arthur. Had five different wives- Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard, and Catherine Parr. He was to have believed to have around 13 children, some legal, some not. He ended up going against the Church so he could divorce his wife without it being corrupt.
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Council of Trent-
Catholic Reformation, church interpretation of the Bible is final, all else is heresy, burn books and peopleCouncil_of_Trent.jpg
Peace of Augsburg- is a result of the reformation. it was signed in 1555 and divided Europe into the Roman Catholic Church and the new Lutheran Church. the Peace of Ausburg officially recognized the Lutheran Church and the right of people to worship as protestants.WALL5295292.gif

Protestant Reformation Regents Questions

16) What was one cause of the Protestant
Reformation?
(1) revolt by the Moors in Spain
(2) passage of the Act of Supremacy in England
(3) call for the Council of Trent by Pope Paul III
(4) corruption among high officials of the
Catholic Church

15) Martin Luther was primarily dissatisfied with the
Roman Catholic Church because he
(1) thought the church lacked structure
(2) disagreed with the sale of indulgences
(3) blamed the church for not curing people who
had the plague
(4) believed that kings should have more power
to appoint clergy

14) One similarity between Martin Luther and
Henry VIII is that they
(1) argued against the establishment of a theocratic
state
(2) protested against the ideas of the Enlightenment
(3) died during the Reign of Terror
(4) challenged the teachings of the Catholic
Church


15)
• Martin Luther stresses the central role of faith.
• The belief of predestination spreads throughout

Switzerland.
• The Council of Trent clarifies the teachings of
the Roman Catholic Church.
These statements describe ideas and events that
(1) brought religious unity to Europe
(2) shaped the Reformation and the Counter
Reformation
(3) ended the Glorious Revolution
(4) expanded the importance of the Orthodox
Church


17) In western Europe, Martin Luther’s Ninety-five
Theses and Henry VIII’s Act of Supremacy led to
(1) an end to Christian unity
(2) a strengthening of economic unity
(3) better relations between peasants and
merchants
(4) fewer violent outbreaks between ethnic
groups