Crusades- conflict between European Chrisitans and Muslim Turks over the Holy Land of Palestine, cultural diffusion between Europeans, Turks, and Asian (Silk Road) traders.

The Crusades destroyed the manor system. When the peasants were forced to fight in the crusades they were exposed to cultural diffusion in Palestine. The had been self-sufficient so they didn't need to trade and they never left the manor. Now that they had expericenced trade they wanted to continue trading with different places around them.
People were told by the pope that if they went and fought for your country you would go straight to heaven if you die.
The Muslims ended up winning the wars even though Europeans captured Jerusalem for a while.


Causes cultural diffusion with Muslims and China
http://videos.howstuffworks.com/hsw/27306-civilizations-in-conflict-the-crusades-video.htm

http://edtech2.boisestate.edu/lockwoodm/Feudalism/crusades.htm
http://www2.div.ed.ac.uk/courses/Animated_Maps/Divinity2/images/C_allstill.gif

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Which political system is best described in the outline below?
I.
A. Decentralized government
B. Based on loyalty and service
C. Code of chivalry
D. Military elite
(1) Oligarchy (3) Feudalism(2) Absolutism (4) Democracy

What was one direct result of the Crusades?
(1) Trade increased between Europe and the Middle East.
(2) Islamic kingdoms expanded into Europe.
(3) Arabs and Christians divided the city of Jerusalem between them.
(4) Alexander the Great became a powerful leader in Eurasia.


. . . For many in the contemporary Arab world, the Crusades are viewed as having begun nearly a millennium of conflict with what would become the West. The Crusades are seen as representing the constant threat of Western encroachment [trespassing]. But many scholars say that is a more recent and inaccurate view of the Crusades. . . . — Mike Shuster, reporter, NPRThe Medieval Crusades were taken and then turned into something that they never really were in the first place. They were turned into a kind of a proto-imperialism, an attempt to bring the fruits of European civilization to the Middle East, when, in fact, during the Middle Ages the great sophisticated and wealthy power was the Muslim world. Europe was the Third World. . . . — Thomas Madden, St. Louis University, History of relations between the West and Middle East, NPR, All Things Considered, August 17, 2004
These statements indicate that the history of the Crusades
(1) has been neglected by experts
(2) was of little importance
(3) is the subject of debate and interpretation
(4) illustrates the importance of tolerance and understanding

In western Europe, feudalism developed after the
(1) Roman Empire collapsed
(2) Renaissance began
(3) city of Constantinople fell
(4) Mongols invaded

hkdfj.JPGBased on the information provided by this map, which statement about Constantinople is accurate?
(1) Africans traded more goods in Constantinople than in any other area.
(2) Constantinople was a city located on the Mediterranean Sea.
(3) Gold was the primary commodity that China sent to Constantinople.
(4) Constantinople was an important trading center.

What was one result of large armies traveling great distances during the Crusades?
(1) Europe’s population severely declined.
(2) Democracy in the Middle East grew.http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic-video/144695/84195/During-the-Middle-Ages-Venice-became-a-large-and-powerful
(3) Cultural diffusion increased.
(4) Slavery was eliminated.
Which circumstance best describes a long-term result of the Crusades?
(1) Muslim control of Jerusalem ended.
(2) Feudalism began in western Europe.
(3) Cultural exchanges between the Middle East and Europe grew.
(4) Christians and Muslims achieved a lasting peace.

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic-video/144695/84195/During-the-Middle-Ages-Venice-became-a-large-and-powerful