Church Influences on history
The Roman Catholic Church was the most important establishment during the Middle Ages. The Church was involved in all aspects of European life.

The Roman Catholic Chursh controlled the social classes in European FeudalismRCC_triangle.JPG
The church influenecd both political and religious matters. The church, just like feudalism, had its structure.
The pope is head of the church, then the bishops, and then the priests.
The shared beliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic Church held everyone together. It was the only stable force when the rest of the world was experiencing constant warfare. Priests and other important members of the church preformed sacraments wich paved the way for salvation and gave people hope. Now for those of you that are wondering what a sacrament is, it's a religious ceremony. At the town level, the church was both a religious AND political center.

The Church developed a justice system to guide peoples conduct. EVERYONE!! was subject to canon law (church law)
The church was not happy that kings had control of clergy. An example of this is lay investure, a ceremony in which kings and nobles appoint church officials

Flash Cards That Have to do With the Roman Catholic Church:

Monastery: In the Middle Ages, church members maintained some knowledge and learning in Europe

Clergy: Leaders in a church Ex- Popes, cardinals, bishops, priests in Catholic Church

Secular: Worldly, not of the church, opposite of sacred

Bubonic Plague: AKA the Black Death, disease that spread along Silk Road, killed 1/3 of European population (lots of priests)

Simony: When bishops sold positions in the Church

Crusades: Conflict between European Christians and Muslim Turks over Holy Land of Palestine, CD between Europeans, Turks, and Asian (silk road) trades

(Mr. Lockwoods website)

11 What was the most important force in providing
unity and stability throughout western Europe
during the Middle Ages?
(1) church (3) inquisition
(2) nobility (4) military

regents website (August 2009)

9 During the early Middle Ages, western European
societies were most influenced by
(1) national monarchies
(2) the Roman Catholic Church
(3) elected parliaments
(4) the Byzantine emperors

Answer: 2

Regents website (August 2002)

12 A major goal of the Counter-Reformation was to
(1) reinstate the power of the Roman Catholic Church
(2) reduce the authority of absolute monarchs
(3) encourage new ideas in science and philosophy throughout Europe
(4) compromise with European Protestants
Answer: 1

Regents website (August 2001)