Black Death and Effects buboonneck.jpg

How did the Black Death effect European civilization? It affected Europe's population and also its economy. Changes in the size of civilization led to changes in trade, the [[./Church.html|church]], music and art, and many other things.
The Black Death killed off a massive portion of Europe's population. The plague is more effective when it attacks weakened people and Europe at the time was already weakened by exhaustion of the soil due to poor farming, the introduction of more sheep which reduced the land available for corn, and persistent Scottish invasions.
Fleas infected with the Bubonic Plague would jump from rats to travelers, killing millions and infesting the continent with world shaking fear. Normal people were tormented by the threat of death, causing them to change their views on leisure, work, and art. Even children suffered.

The Black Death crept slowly into the recreational time of people no matter how much the rich attempted to avoid it or how little time the poor had for recreation. Even the abundant death was used for laughter. Funeral processions were used as jokes. It got to the point where deaths were ignored altogether. Citizens looked for causes and the developmentally delayed, deformed and crazy people outside town were the perfect candidates. Bored? Go toss some stones at the witch and help to stop the plague.
The damage to art is irreparable. As a result of death in the church, written language was almost lost and whole churches were abandoned. Carving was changed. Coffins had pictures of corpses on the lid, usually showing a very flattering likeness of the body inside wearing their best clothes. Some of these dated around 1400 showed bodies with about half of their flesh and shredded garments. A few of the sculptures showed worms and snails munching on the diseased. Painting was effected too.There are a number of paintings containing people socializing with skeletons. These paintings were made on a powerful person's command, and called "danse macabre". Artists abandoned old ways of painting things idolized by the Christian religion. They were so depressed by the death that surrounded them that they began to paint pictures of sad and dead people.
Partially due to the lack of children's skills to provide for themselves, the children suffered. A common nursery rhyme is proof.
Ring a-round the rosy
Pocket full of posies
Ashes, ashes!
We all fall down!
Ring around the rosy: rosary beads give you God's help. A pocket full of posies: used to stop the odor of rotting bodies which was at one point thought to cause the plague, it was also used widely by doctors to protect them from the infected plague patients. Ashes, ashes: the church burned the dead when burying them became to laborious. We all fall down: dead. Not only were the children effected physically, but also mentally. Exposure to public nudity, craziness, and (obviously) abundant death was premature. The decease of family members left the children facing death and pain at an early age. Parents even abandoned their children, leaving them to the streets instead of risking the babies giving them the dreaded "pestilence". Children were especially unlucky if they were female. Baby girls would be left to die because parents would favor male children that could carry on the family name.

Effect over Time
After the plague had raised the level of leisure, the people kept it up. This was so injuring to the economy that it has been suggested that Europe is just now recovering from the devastation. The population is also a cause of disruption in the economy because small populations mean few taxes, however the economy improved. If the Black Death had an effect on today's economy, it would be that prices aren' as high as they would have been due to the fact that there was a century where the economy made no progress. Art was also a victim of the Plague because paintings are a lasting record. The art is still an easy thing to find and a good reminder of how the most creative people can panic when there's panic around them. The plague benefited art. Death inspired artists to stray from religious pictorials.
Soon after the last eruption of the Black Death, the views on children changed. Although carrying on the family name was still considered important , the birth rate dropped. Children were considered "not worth the trouble" to raise. It took four hundred years before Europe's population equaled the pre-Black Death figures. The demand for agricultural workers gave survivors a new bargaining power. Workers formerly bound to the land could now travel and command higher wages for their services. In addition, people left rural areas and migrated to cities for higher wages. The economic structure of land-based wealth shifted. Portable wealth in the form of money, skills and services emerged. Small towns and cities grew while large estates and manors began to collapse. The very social, economic, and political structure of Europe was forever altered. One tiny insect, a flea, toppled feudalism and changed the course of history in Europe.

On church
on peasants
on wealthy


Mass burials
"The plight of the lower and most of the middle classes was even more pitiful to behold. Most of them remained in their houses, either through poverty or in hopes of safety, and fell sick by thousands. Since they received no care and attention, almost all of them died. Many ended their lives in the streets both at night and during the day; and many others who died in their houses were only known to be dead because the neighbours smelled their decaying bodies. Dead bodies filled every corner. Most of them were treated in the same manner by the survivors, who were more concerned to get rid of their rotting bodies than moved by charity towards the dead. With the aid of porters, if they could get them, they carried the bodies out of the houses and laid them at the door; where every morning quantities of the dead might be seen. They then were laid on biers or, as these were often lacking, on tables.
Such was the multitude of corpses brought to the churches every day and almost every hour that there was not enough consecrated ground to give them burial, especially since they wanted to bury each person in the family grave, according to the old custom. Although the cemeteries were full they were forced to dig huge trenches, where they buried the bodies by hundreds. Here they stowed them away like bales in the hold of a ship and covered them with a little earth, until the whole trench was full."

The Black death reached Italy in 1348. By the time the epidemic played out for 3 yeaCitizens of Tournai bury plague victims. These are fortunate to have coffins. Most victims were interred in mass gravesrs, Europes population fell 25% and 50%. plague6.jpg

Three types of the plaque.

Bubonic Plaque:
-Swellings or buboes that appear on the vitctims neck, armpits, or groin area.
-No medical stuff to stop the disease.
-Ranged in any size, from a size of an egg, to the size of an apple.

-Some people survive this, but most of the time when you get it you have up to a week to live.

-Spread by infested fleas that attach themselve to rats, and then to humans.

-Had a major impact on Englands social structure.
-That led to Peasants Revolt of 1381.

Pneumonic Plaque: -Attacks the respiratory system.

-Spread by breathing the exhaled air of a victim.

-You live up to one or two days if you get it.

Septicemic Plaque: -Attacks the blood system external image septicemic.jpg

Got info from: http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/plague.htm

TheBlack Death started in 1348. It killed 1/3 of the population. Many people inherrited money from there familys death.
plagueCycle.gifThe bubonic plague is a bacillus organism carried mostly out through rodents. Fleas had infested animals and moved to human parts. When the flea had the blood of the rodent and then infected the human, the human then became sick and died. And the rodent would die too. The symtoms were high fevers and vomiting blood. Finacial buisness were desroyed and took a toll on. Farms and entire villages died or were aboandoned by people who fled. THe black death had killed Kind Alfonso XI of Castile. It killed the son of Byzantine. Also the Hundred Years' War was suspended because so many soilders had died from the disease.

I Medieval Englad, the Black Death killed 1.5 million people out of a population of 4 million. There was no medicines to try and stop this deadly disease.After the year 1350, it was to strike Englad about 6 more times by the end of the century.

  • 1333- Had its orgin in the centre of China.Every infectious or contagious disease which has desolated mankind appears to have had its origin in the farthest East, and has traveled to Europe.
  • 1346- Black Death started in China. There is no historical information indicating and outbreak of the plague in the far East for hundreds of years before and after the Black Death.
  • 1347-Italian merchants brought Black Death from the Crimean seaport ont he Black Sea to Constantinople and to seaports along the coasts of the Mediterranean.This unleashed the Black Death's disastrous spread throughtout Asia Minor, Middle East,North Africa and Europe.
  • 1348-Black Death appeared in London.Started in China and spread from country to country. Aug.1348, the Black Death reached England, appearing in the country of Dorset, spreading through Devon and Somerset, to Bristol, Gloucester, Oxford, and London.Took 3 months to reach London.Few places are believed to have escaped, and only a tenth part of the inhabitants were thought to have remained alive.
  • 1349-2 million people died, and there were barely 2 million were left to bury the dead.
  • 1350-Black Death dissapeared. Men, woman, and children were able to do there work, and play without haveing to worry.

http://videos.howstuffworks.com/hsw/20508-the-black-death-a-deadly-stowaway-plagues-europe-video.htm go to the video The Black Death:A Deadly Stowaway Plagues Europe.

The information shown on this map suggests that the Black Death spread to Europe as
a result of contact with
(1) merchants from western Africa (3) barbarians from Scandinavia
(2) traders from Asia (4) explorers returning from the Americas

11 Based on this map, what is a valid conclusion about the Black Death?
(1) Japan was the first place it occurred.
(2) The highest casualty rates occurred in Mogadishu and Foochow.
(3) People of North Africa, Europe, and Asia were affected by the disease.

(4) The outbreak spread primarily from the west to the east.

After it was passed from fleas to rats and then to contaminated human bite victoms it started spreading from person to person. Below is a poem that people came up with for the black death because it was belived that it was formed by corrupt vapors. Many people thought that god was punishing the people of Europe for bad choices almost as it was karma. The rhyme had to do with the symptoms of the black death which were swelling of the glands of the groin or armpits, filling with pus and turning black which gave the name the black death. It gave a high fever and it came with the swelling and couging up blood and having a pink rash around the nose.

external image plague.jpg

Ring around the rosies,
A pocket full of posies,
Achoo! Achoo!
We all fall down.